Let’s go back to 1988 and look how shipped goods made it to New York City.
1. Everything crossed the Hudson River by barge. Pushed and pulled by tug boats.
2. Goods unloaded and stored in large warehouses.
3. To keep tug boats competitive owners wanted to decrease wages and eliminate some positions such as the cook. Union said no.
STRIKE! New York City was gripping with a tugboat strike.
1. Many industries were not affected by the loss of having tugboats. By now pipelines, bridges, and tunnels were in place, and truck and trains picked up the slack from the striking tugboat operators.
2. Made possible by the invention of shipping containers. You might have heard of the term “intermodal,” which means they transfer directly from the ship to trucks or trains. The containers are their own warehouses and can be stored outside. Huge indoor warehouses (and tugboats) are no longer needed.
At least one industry was affected. (that I knew of because I was assigned there with several others on a design project)
3. Long hot summer commuting to Sayreville, NJ. If you ever have driven the G.S.P. you know this is the worst smelling place on the planet (or at least it was). Pungent doesn’t begin to describe the smell. Rotten eggs and smelly socks come to mind.
4. Handout showing pond – notice the lack of vegetation!
5. The acid pond
6. Waste from manufacture of TiO2
7. Tugboat strike stopped barges from hauling acid out to the ocean. Presumed safe after some evaporative presses while sitting in a pond.
8. Afraid the levy would break and flood the area with acid.
9. Send Doug and co-worker out to survey depths of pond.
GOING ABOVE AND BEYOND
10. Rubber boots and gloves.
11. Aluminum row boat
12. Burning runny nose, itchy eyes
13. Really bad smell
14. Measuring stick ate by acid
15. Ors being eaten by acid!
16. We measured a good part it. Got out of there!
17. That is one time I certainly went above and beyond!