Is There a Downside to Cloning?

 

The Truth About Cloning
Part 3 of a 3 part series
by Doug Bayliss

In our journey so far, we’ve learned that it will cost over $100,000 dollars if we want to clone our beloved pet. We also now know that an entire industry revolves around cloning farm animals for greater “yield” and it seems that there are plenty of folks out there cloning their prize cattle and horses for no other reason but save their children the “chore” of breeding.

What about the downside? Is there one? Let’s continue our journey to find out. The Humane Society of the United States seems like a good place to start.


The Humane SocietyAccording to a study done by The Humane Society, cloning definitely has a downside. Here is a summary of their findings:

  • Because 99 percent of cloning attempts fail to produce a healthy cloned animal, thousands of embryos and hundreds of egg ‘donors’ and surrogate mothers are used in cloning ventures.
  • The egg ‘donors’ and/or surrogate mothers are subjected to painful hormone treatments to manipulate their reproductive cycles. These animals are also subjected to invasive surgery to harvest eggs or implant embryos, and the surrogate mothers endure an additional surgery to deliver the baby.
  • Few cloned animals are born healthy. One pet cloning company CEO has stated that 15-45 percent of cloned cats who are born alive will die within 30 days.
  • No cloned cat or dog has lived a full lifespan, so the health problems and veterinary needs they may experience later in life are completely unknown.
  • The “donor” and surrogate mother cats and dogs used in attempts to clone a pet are typically kept in small, sterile cages.
  • In the US, the pet cloning industry is not regulated like other research facilities that conduct experiments on animals.
  • Animal life is devalued.  Egg ‘donors’ and surrogate mothers are ‘production units,’ and it is unclear what happens to cloned animals who fail to meet expectations.

How long do you think this kitten lived?

It's not just the Humane Society who frowns upon cloning.

It’s not just the Humane Society who frowns upon cloning.

Compassion in World Farming was founded in 1967 in England by a British farmer who became horrified by the development of intensive factory farming.

Factory farming is the single biggest cause of animal cruelty. Compassion supporters have already improved the lives of millions of farm animals. But there is still so much more to do.

How many piglets were thrown away to produce this sounder of swine?

How many piglets were thrown away to produce this sounder of swine?

The name for a group of pigs depends on the animals’ ages. A group of young pigs is called a drift, drove or litter. Groups of older pigs are called a sounder of swine, a team or passel of hogs or a singular of boars.

These fellas don't look too happy. Do you think they might know they are clones?

These fellas don’t look too happy. Do you think they might know they are clones?

Many cloned farm animals are born with deformed organs and live short and miserable lives.

Cloned goat dies next to it's mother shortly after being born.

Cloned embryos tend to be large and can result in painful births that are often carried out by Caesarean section.z

Getting ready for the Cesarean that will deliver another cloned puppy into the world.

Getting ready for the Cesarean that will deliver another cloned puppy into the world.

Sooam Biotech was reported to have cloned 700 dogs by 2015 and to be producing 500 cloned embryos of various species a day in 2016!

Remember Booger? He was actually 1 of 5 cloned puppies.

Five little "Boogers" with one of their three surrogate mothers wait at the Korea National Airport to fly home to the USA.

Five little “Boogers” with one of their three surrogate mothers wait at the Korea National Airport to fly home to the USA.

It makes me sick thinking about the donor dogs and the surrogate mother dogs and what they have to endure. Not to mention the 100’s, 1,000’s of puppies that live horrible lives and die shortly after birth, to say nothing of the same for horses, cattle, and by now, an unheard of multitude of other animals.

Why is the cloning industry not regulated?

Dear friends, thank you for coming along on this journey with me. We have learned a lot, but most importantly we have an answer to our question:
Would clone your pet? No!

Great Dane
Cherish the memories of your lost pet. You do NOT need an expensive ill-begotten copy.

Part 1: Would You Clone Your Pet?
Part 2: Cloning for Fun & Profit
Part 3: Is There a Downside to Cloning?

Cloning For Fun & Profit

The Truth About Cloning
Part 2 in a 3 part series
by Doug Bayliss

We’ve seen that people are cloning their pets to try and keep the memory alive of their loss, but is there a commercial side to cloning?  As it turns out, there is a lot of cloning going on out there for commercial purposes.

SECURITY

In 2012, several cloned, Drug-Sniffing dogs, celebrated remarkable success in a South Korean Airport. Toppy is the name given to these cloned Labrador Retriever dogs, born in late 2007 to three surrogate mothers. They were the world’s first cloned working dogs and were used by the Korea Customs Service. Each Toppy is a clone of a renowned sniffer dog from Canada.slide8slide9Cloned Labrador Retriever

Prevent Extinction?

Only a few hundred Ethiopian wolves remain, in populations scattered across the country’s highlands. Should they be cloned to prevent extinction? A beautiful creature, but how do we choose which animals to help and which animals to let die out?
Ethiopian Wolf

Farming

Yes, it is quite true. Livestock of all shapes and sizes are being cloned and genetically altered to grow faster, leaner and to produce more milk.

Cloning for food

Personal Enjoyment?

When little Johnny wants to care for, raise and show a cow, he doesn’t have to work hard anymore. Give him a clone!

Cloning for enjoyment

Look how easy. Just click “Start Genetic Preservation!” And get out your checkbook.

For-Profit?

It took you years of breeding to finally have a champion horse. How proud you must be, now just make copies to sell!

Clones for profit

Horse Cloning

War

A good soldier is hard to find. So is a dog. Like with the “sniffer dogs” above, if you have a great fighting dog don’t send him out for stud: clone him

Cloning for War

Two Belgian Malinois puppies cloned from the DNA of a dog that’s currently deployed with a unit of the U.S. Army Special Forces.

Photograph by Thomas Prior for Bloomberg Businessweek.

Cloning for War

Brannon holds Special Ops clones Ghost and Echo between bite-training sessions in Sharpsville, Pa.

There sure is a lot of cloning going on. I have to wonder, is cloning safe?
Click for Part 3:  “Is There a Downside to Cloning?”

Part 1: Would You Clone Your Pet?
Part 2: Cloning for Fun & Profit
Part 3: Is There a Downside to Cloning?

Would You Clone Your Pet?

The Truth About Cloning
Part 1 in a 3 Part Series
by Doug Bayliss

My love for dogs started early, as my grandparents and my parents bred Collies. Collie puppies were so much fun to play with!

Later on, in high school, we had a large female Great Dane named Sabrina. She was my friend and protected me from my brother when we fought, which was fairly often, and she would take the wooden spoon from my mother if she tried any of her old school discipline on us!

Here is a picture of Sabrina I took my senior year in high school. It won a 2nd place prize in a Kodak sponsored photo contest!

Great Dane "Sabrina"

1976 photo captures Sabrina’s essence.

She was the best dog ever. But would I clone her? Would you clone a favorite pet? To answer these questions, and make an informed decision, let’s embark on a journey through the land of cloning and discover what cloning is all about.

Of course, it all started with Dolly. We’ve all probably heard of “Dolly,” the first mammal successfully cloned.

First cloned mammal.

1996 “Dolly”

Not long after, in 2004, a woman from Texas purchased the first commercial clone of a cat.

First commercial clone of a cat.

2004 “Little Nicky” is the first commercially cloned cat.

Little Nicky (born October 17, 2004). He was produced from the DNA of a 19-year-old Maine Coon cat named Nicky who died a year earlier. Little Nicky’s owner paid $50,000 to have Nicky cloned, which was performed by a California-based company that closed in 2006, Genetic Savings & Clone.

“Genetic Savings & Clone!” Are you kidding me?

Then, in 2005, this American woman received a cloned puppy created from her beloved late pitbull, becoming the inaugural customer of a South Korean company. She paid $50,000.00 which was half-price, being she was their first customer.

First cloned dog, Booger.

The company in South Korea claims to now clone 300 dogs/year. They also clone camels for customers in the Middle East. Hey, if you have a camel with larger than normal water reservoirs you might as well make copies! 🙁

$100k for clone of dog

2005 – South Korean scientists at Seoul National University performed the cloning procedure that produced Snuppy, the first successfully cloned dog

1st commercially Cloned Dogs

3-month-old Snuppy (right), is shown with the three-year-old Afghan hound whose skin cells were used to clone him.

Remember, however, all clones are not the same!

Cloned Dogs

A clone is not the same dog. In fact, thanks to a cloned dog having different mitochondrial DNA from its genetic donor, they’re slightly less related than naturally born identical twins.

Fast forward to December 2015. A British couple travels to South Korea to pick up two puppies born over Christmas, after having had their dead pet cloned.

UK Family Clones Aging Boxer

Laura Jacques and Richard Remde are first British customers of Sooam Biotech Research Foundation.

Old Boxer Dog

It’s as if he knew.

What are some other reasons for cloning?
Follow this link for Part II – Cloning for Fun & Profit.

Part 1: Would You Clone Your Pet?
Part 2: Cloning for Fun & Profit
Part 3: Is There a Downside to Cloning?

The Pledge of Allegiance

American FlagMy final project in the Toastmasters Interpretive Reading manual is to recite a famous speech from history. I chose the “Pledge of Allegiance” performed by Red Skelton from his live National television show.

“Red Skelton’s Pledge of Allegiance”
by Doug Bayliss

In 1969, comic Red Skelton lamented on his weekly television show that the Pledge of Allegiance might someday be considered a “prayer” and eliminated from public schools. He then described an incident from his schoolboy days in Indiana.

Skelton’s teacher, Mr. Lasswell, felt his students had come to regard the Pledge of Allegiance as a daily drudgery to be recited by rote; they had lost any sense of the meaning of the words they were speaking.

As Skelton related the story, Mr. Lasswell told his class: “I’ve been listening to you boys and girls recite the Pledge of Allegiance all semester and it seems as though it’s becoming monotonous to you. If I may, may I recite it and try to explain to you the meaning of each word?”

The Pledge of Allegiance:

I: Me, an individual, a committee of one.

PLEDGE: Dedicate all of my worldly goods to give without self-pity.

ALLEGIANCE: My love and my devotion.

TO THE FLAG: Our standard, Old Glory, a symbol of freedom. Wherever she waves, there’s respect because your loyalty has given her a dignity that shouts freedom is everybody’s job.

UNITED: That means that we have all come together.

STATES: Individual communities that have united into 48 great states. Forty-eight individual communities with pride and dignity and purpose; all divided with imaginary boundaries yet united to a common purpose, and that’s love for country.

AND TO THE REPUBLIC: A state in which sovereign power is invested in representatives chosen by the people to govern. And the government is the people, and it’s from the people to the leaders, not from the leaders to the people.

FOR WHICH IT STANDS, ONE NATION: One nation, meaning “so blessed by God.”

INDIVISIBLE: Incapable of being divided.

WITH LIBERTY: Which is freedom, the right of power to live one’s own life without threats, fear, or some sort of retaliation.

AND JUSTICE: The principle or quality of dealing fairly with others.

FOR ALL: For all, which means, boys and girls, it’s as much your country as it is mine.
And now, boys and girls, let me hear you recite the Pledge of Allegiance:

“I pledge allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America, and to the Republic for which it stands: one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.”

Since I was a small boy, two states have been added to our country, and two words have been added to the Pledge of Allegiance: “under God.” Wouldn’t it be a pity if someone said that is a prayer, and that would be eliminated from schools too?

Red Skelton
Red Skelton

Desiderata – Poetry or Prose?

Do you recognize when poets use imaginary and rhythm to convey meanings and emotions? Do you know the differences between poetry and prose?

The main difference between Poetry and Prose is…

1. Poetry has rhythm, cadence and rhyming words.

2. Prose has a more natural flow, like speaking.

3. Then in the early 19th century, some poets began using what became known as Prose-Poetry:  written in prose but keeps the poetic qualities such as heightened imagery and emotional effects.

calm lake
Tranquility helps beat depression.

Written in 1927 by American writer Max Ehrmannin, the poem “Desiderata” is written in the style of Prose-Poetry. Desiderata, by the way, means something desired as a necessity.

“Desiderata”

Go placidly amid the noise and haste, and remember what peace there may be in silence. As far as possible without surrender be on good terms with all persons.

Speak your truth quietly and clearly; and listen to others, even the dull and the ignorant; they too have their story. Avoid loud and aggressive persons; they are vexations to the spirit.

If you compare yourself with others, you may become vain and bitter; for always there will be greater and lesser persons than yourself. Enjoy your achievements as well as your plans.

Keep interested in your own career, however humble; it is a real possession in the changing fortunes of time. Exercise caution in your business affairs; for the world is full of trickery. But let this not blind you to what virtue there is; many persons strive for high ideals; and everywhere life is full of heroism.

Be yourself. Especially, do not feign affection. Neither be cynical about love; for in the face of all aridity and disenchantment it is as perennial as the grass.

Take kindly the counsel of the years, gracefully surrendering the things of youth. Nurture strength of spirit to shield you in sudden misfortune. But do not distress yourself with dark imaginings.

Many fears are born of fatigue and loneliness. Beyond a wholesome discipline, be gentle with yourself. You are a child of the universe, no less than the trees and the stars; you have a right to be here.

And whether or not it is clear to you, no doubt the universe is unfolding as it should. Therefore be at peace with God, whatever you conceive Him to be, and whatever your labors and aspirations, in the noisy confusion of life keep peace with your soul.

With all its sham, drudgery, and broken dreams, it is still a beautiful world. Be cheerful. Strive to be happy.

Although penned in 1927, “Desiderata” didn’t become very well known until the 60’s and 70s when it was widely distributed as a poster and recorded by popular artists of the time.  Ahh, the 60’s 70’s… Free Love, Rock & Roll, and especially the Satire.

Do you remember “The National Lampoon?”  This was a magazine that parodied almost everything, including the “Desiderata.”  I’d like to present the National Lampoon’s  “Deteriorata,”  which is almost as relevant today as it was 50+ years ago!

“Deteriorata”

Go placidly Amid the noise and waste. And remember what comfort there may be In owning a piece thereof.

Avoid quiet and passive persons Unless you are in need of sleep. Rotate your tires.

Speak glowingly of those greater than yourself And heed well their advice, Even though they be turkeys.   Know what to kiss… and when!

Consider that two wrongs never make a right But that THREE… do.

Wherever possible, put people on hold.

Be comforted that in the face of all aridity and disillusionment, And despite the changing fortunes of time, There is always a big future in computer maintenance.

Remember the Pueblo.   Strive at all times to bend, fold, spindle and mutilate.

Know yourself. If you need help, call the FBI. Exercise caution in your daily affairs,

Especially with those persons closest to you. That lemon on your left, for instance.

Be assured that a walk through the ocean of most souls would scarcely get your feet wet.

Fall not in love therefore; It will stick to your face.

Gracefully surrender the things of youth: The birds, clean air, tuna, Taiwan

And let not the sands of time, Get in your lunch.  Hire people with hooks.

For a good time call 606-4311; Ask for “Ken.”   Take heart amid the deepening gloom that your dog is finally getting enough cheese.

And reflect that whatever misfortune may be your lot, It could only be worse in Milwaukee.

You are a fluke of the universe.   You have no right to be here.

And whether you can hear it or not the universe is laughing behind your back.

Therefore, make peace with your god whatever you conceive him to be:

Hairy thunderer, or cosmic muffin. With all its hopes, dreams, promises and urban renewal The world continues to deteriorate.  GIVE UP!